Improve your thinking with Cognitive training
 

COGNITION DEMYSTIFIED

Cognitive Events
Cognitive events are automatic thoughts that accompany and influence a person’s behavior and feelings. They are often unconscious or preconscious thoughts in the sense that we do not regularly tune in on them or deliberately monitor them. It is only when a routine is interrupted, or when a person must exercise choice in uncertain circumstances, that one becomes aware of, and begins to monitor, these automatic thoughts. Normally, automatic thoughts function to provide preconscious linguistic signals or visual images that then play a significant role in the self-regulation of behavior.

Cognitive and Metacognitive Processes
Cognitive processes are similar to cognitive events in that they occur below the threshold of cognitive awareness. The term cognitive process refers to the way we automatically process information, including search and storage mechanisms, inferential and retrieval processes. These processes shape mental representations and schemata. Personal knowledge of such cognitive processes, and the ability to control them, represent metacognition, which provides an interface between that which is normally out of conscious awareness and that which is accessible to assessment, research and training.

Cognitive Structures
Cognitive structures refers to the tacit assumptions, beliefs, commitments and meanings that influence habitual ways of constructing one’s self and the world. Cognitive structures can be thought of as schemata that are implicit or operate at an unconscious level, are highly independent, and probably are hierarchically arranged. Schemata are mental organizations of experience that influence the way information is processed and the way behavior is organized.

The World We Construct for Ourselves
Each person lives in the world he has constructed for himself from his personal interpretations of his surroundings. One of the guiding philosophies of the Australian Institute of Learning and Cognitive Development is that whatever a person does is a natural consequence of the world that person has constructed for himself.

The Importance of Languaging
Languaging is extremely important for our cognition. It is through language that we receive most information, interpret all incoming information and explain ourselves to others.

It is our experience that the more sophisticated a person’s language becomes, the more sophisticated can be the cognitive processes.

o Neurologists provide an understanding of the other sensory aspects of a person’s input- the health of the nervous system, the senses of touch, smell, etc. When there is an absence of the sensory processes there are difficulties with developing cognition.


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1 The first three definitions are adapted from the works of Meichenbaum, 1977, 1985.

o Physiotherapists are absolutely necessary in terms of overall fitness, health and self-perception. In those who are not well developed physically, many of the positive aspects of cognition are undone through inappropriately-learned self-explanations.

o Dietitians play an important part in developing overall individual health that consequently enhances mental health.

While cognition is the basis of all efficiencies in learning and social interaction, cognitive therapy is not necessarily superior to other therapies. It is another important aspect of human development. We have found that when other therapies have been tried to no avail and the difficulty remains, it is frequently recognized that cognition is a significant factor in the person’s inability to perform. For example, tutoring teaches one to organize specific information frameworks. However, these can only be processed as the various functions of cognition.


 
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